How sodium metall is made and how is it handled? (ChatGPT)
Sodium metal is typically produced by the electrolysis of molten sodium chloride (NaCl) in a Downs cell. In this process, a current is passed through the molten sodium chloride, causing the sodium ions to migrate to the cathode, where they are reduced to metallic sodium. The chlorine ions migrate to the anode, where they are oxidized to form chlorine gas.
Sodium metal is highly reactive and can catch fire in contact with water or air, so it is typically handled and stored under an inert gas such as argon or kerosene. The metal is used in a variety of industrial processes, such as the production of chemicals, the refining of metals, and the manufacture of batteries.
Several firms around the world produce and handle sodium metal, including chemical companies such as BASF, Solvay, and Dow, as well as metal refining companies such as Nyrstar and Glencore. However, due to its highly reactive nature, the production and handling of sodium metal is closely regulated and requires specialized facilities and trained personnel to ensure safety.